This verb is made more complex by the fact that in attic greek that is the dialect of most of the major classical authors the present tense apart from the indicative mood imperfect tense and future are usually replaced by parts of the irregular verb εἶμι eîmi i will go.
Future inf attic greek.
The fourth principal part is the perfect active.
It is used mainly to express acts.
τὸ ἄρχειν πόνον φέρει.
This happens quite often in patristic writings and it is good to keep this quote handy from donald j.
The infinitive takes on a different use if an article is found in front of it.
Should x happen then y would within the group of general conditionals greek distinguishes two types.
An experiment with perseus new vocabulary tool.
The indicative of εἶμι eîmi is generally used with future significance in the classical period i will go but the other parts such as the infinitive ἰέναι iénai to go are not future.
Mastronarde s book introduction to attic greek.
A list of words that covers 90 of tokens in a collection of attic prose texts from the perseus corpus.
List of principal parts by unit through unit 19 for mastronarde s introduction to attic greek first three only i e present future aorist.
In classical greek μέλλω is primarily followed by a pres inf or a future inf and the periphrasis does not express the distinction between imperfective and perfective future.
General conditional with reference to the present.
The infinitive in ancient greek goes beyond this.
Mastering these first three principal parts is sufficient for most reading purposes at the beginning and intermediate levels.
Present future and aorist.
So called future less vivid.
There are two ways of doing indirect statements in greek.
Advanced vocabulary lists and lexica give six principal parts for greek verbs.
Because adding σ to the verb stem can result in some unexpected forms vocabulary entries also normally include the 1st person singular future indicative active as well.
μέλλω inf has future meaning right from homeric greek.
If it rains the streets get wet.
We have already encountered the first three principal parts.
Attic greek is the greek dialect of the ancient city state of athens of the ancient dialects it is the most similar to later greek and is the standard form of the language that is studied in ancient greek language courses attic greek is sometimes included in the ionic dialect together attic and ionic are the primary influences on modern greek.
The ancient greek infinitive is a non finite verb form sometimes called a verb mood with no endings for person or number but it is unlike in modern english inflected for tense and voice for a general introduction in the grammatical formation and the morphology of the ancient greek infinitive see here and for further information see these tables.
Vocabulary entries for verbs in a greek dictionary are listed alphabetically by the form of the 1st person singular present indicative active e g.